Xiangqun Chang

BA in Political Science, MA in Sociology, PhD in Sociology and Social Anthropology

Professor Xiangqun Chang is President of Global China Institute, Director of CCPN Global (China in Comparative Perspective Network Global) and Global China Thinktank (a knowledge-based think tank for social consultancy), Editor of the Journal of China in Comparative Perspective (JCCP), Editor-in-Chief of Global China Press. She is Honorary Professor of University College London (UCL), Visiting Professor of University of Westminster, Professorial Research Associate of SOAS, University of London in the UK; and holder of several Professorships and Senior Fellowships at Peking, Renmin, Fudan and Sun Yat-Sen Universities in China.

The only UK-based sociologist trained in both China and the UK, Xiangqun has been working at universities on social scientific studies of China interdisciplinarily since 1991, when she came to the UK as a Visiting Fellow. She is a leading scholar working on the study of China and the Chinese from a comparative perspective in the world. Her academic publications amount to over two million Chinese characters and English words. The highlights below demonstrate Xiangqun’s contributions to academic work and her services to academic communities and societies, from China to global (in chronological order, most recent first):

2018 — 'Professor Xiangqun Chang's On Marxist Sociology is the first book published after the restoration and reconstruction of sociology in China, and it is still one of the few Marxist sociological research works to date, retaining great academic value and practical significance. ... This year marks the 200th anniversary of Marx's birth. The new edition includes comprehensively updated references, four new Appendices and a new Postscript, bringing the book up to date and greatly increasing its reference value.’ — Professor ZHAO Wanli, Deputy Dean of the Zhou Enlai School of Government, Di rector of the Research Centre for Marxist Sociological Studies, Nankai University.

2018 How much do we trust the media? Which media do we trust? Are the media of one language or country more trustworthy than those of another? In the ‘big data’ era, how long will deferent forms of media last and how widely will they penetrate? The Record of Launch Martin Albrow's book China’s Role in a Shared Human Future: Towards Theory for Global Leadership is intended to serve as a case study on media coverage of a book launch and, more widely, as an exposition of the true nature of media coverage beyond what appears on the surface.
2017 — ‘How is the process of globalization effecting changes in the structure of knowledge in sociology? This path-breaking volume looks at the human dimension of developments in the discipline by compiling a set of interviews that exemplify the life and work of a sociologist today. Their ideas and conceptualizations show to what extent a "paradigm shift" has taken root, answering questions such as whether sociology still remains a differentiated, relatively autonomous social science.’ Xiangqun was marked out by the Academic Presidents of the International Sociological Association (ISA) as one of 15 sociologists in the world who ’are called upon to adapt the discipline to the upheavals of the twenty-first century’ (see Practicing Social Science: Sociologists and their Craft, by Devorah Kalekin-Fishman, Routledge, 2017).
2016 — The overall concept of the Global China Dialogue series was to provide a regular examination of the consequences of China’s rise for the rest of the world. It has gained in relevance as the world’s governance system comes under ever greater strain from national reactions to globalization. 'Congratulations on the whole event (the 3rd Global China Dialogue). All of the panels were really high-powered.' — Professor Lord Anthony Giddens, former Director of London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
2016 — 'I am deeply impressed by the quality of the articles of the Journal of China in Comparative Perspective. It will be a major contribution to inform Western understanding of contemporary Chinese thought. I am certain it will be well received by academics, particularly those working in social and cultural studies. Editing such a highly intellectual journal is an immensely demanding task. You have done an excellent job.' — Professor Wolfgang Teubert, former Chair of Corpus Linguistics, University of Birmingham; founding Editor of the International Journal of Corpus Linguistics.

2015 — In China’s future social development, there is likely to be an interest in “society building” with interactions between top-down and bottom-up approaches, along with a deepened level of social reform and the construction of a harmonious or “symbiotic” society. This represents one of China’s social development models, and is reflected in the Communist Party of China (CPC) and state policy. The term “society building” was proposed by Chinese thinkers nearly one century ago, and has been used by Chinese sociologists to study Chinese society since the 1930s. In the 21st century, “society building” has been approached as an interdisciplinary concept by Chinese social scientists. The main concern of China for its future social development is to enhance its people’s wellbeing and encourage them to build Chinese society in innovative and creative ways.
’Xiangqun Chang has assembled an excellent team of contributors to discuss the idea of "society building" in China. The term was coined by Sun Yat-Sen in 1917, but it could not be more contemporary – as China wrestles to reconcile the demands of population, resources, democracy and social welfare. This book gives us considerable insights into the alternative visions of social development now being discussed in China.’ — Professor Robin Cohen, author of Global Sociology, Emeritus Professor of Development Studies and Former Director of the International Migration Institute, University of Oxford.
2014 — Xiangqun received a Mulan Award for her Contribution to Education (the first such award in education) from the UK-based Mulan Foundation Network.
2013 — In addition to her academic work, Xiangqun acted in the role of intellectual entrepreneur from 2013 when she founded Global China Institute (formerly CCPN Global), with a dual mission: 75% is an academic mission to promote the study of China in comparative perspective in all aspects, and 25% is a social mission, in line with the Charity Commission’s requirements including to produce both global public goods and global public good through knowledge transfer, consultancy and publications. Global China Institute aspires to build a bridge between China and the rest of world, the Chinese and the non-Chinese, to participate in the building and governance of a global society.
2010 — ‘Xiangqun's major book Guanxi or Li shang wanglai? Guanxi or Li shang wanglai? is the first Chinese scholarly book in nearly 100 years to systematically challenge important Western social anthropological and sociological theories on reciprocity and social exchange.' — Professor Deng Zhenglai (1956-2013), founding Dean of National Institute of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences at Fudan University; Editor of Chinese Social Science Quarterly (Chinese); Editor of Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences (English), the only Chinese scholar whose work was cited across six high-ranking social scientific disciplines, e.g. No. 1 in Law, No. 2 in the Political Sciences and No. 5 in Sociology, according to a report on the academic influence of research achievements in humanities and social sciences in China (in Chinese, China Social Science Publishing House, 2007).
2010 — Xiangqun’s thorough fieldwork in 1996 directly influenced the renowned Chinese sociologist and anthropologist Professor Fei Xiaotong’s conclusion that the historical mission of the collective economy based “Southern Jiangsu Model” had come to an end. A few months later, the transformation of collective enterprises into private enterprises was completed smoothly.— Social Changes in Kaixiangong Village (in Chinese), by Zhu Yunyun and Yao Fukun, Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 2010.

Emails: x.chang@gci-uk.org; x.chang@ucl.ac.uk

Webpages: (1) http://ccpn-global.org/professor-xiangqun-chang; (2) https://iris.ucl.ac.uk/iris/browse/profile?upi=XQCHA22

Xiangqun's major experiences since 1978 are:

  • 2013- President of Global China Institute which includes CCPN Global, Journal of China in Comparative Perspective (JCCP), Global China Press and Global China Thinktank, UK
  • 2004-2013, carried out research work at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and founded the China in Comparative Perspective Network (CCPN) with some colleagues at LSE, UK
  • 1991-2004, carried out research work and received PhD at the Department of Sociology, City, University of London, UK
  • 1978-1991, after received BA and MA degrees in China and worked as lecturer at Chinese People's Public Security University, declining the opportunity to be appointed Associate Professor in order to work in the UK

Further details 


  • Contemporary China studies and comparative studies on China;
  • Reciprocity, personal, institutional & social relationships;
  • Social networks, social creativity and social policy;
  • Social support and welfare; social work and charitable organizations;
  • Local identity, autonomy and governance; global society and global governance;
  • Transcultural practice and education;
  • Migrants and immigrants;
  • Social enterprise and management studies  
  • Women and gender studies;
  • Bidirectional translation between Chinese and English; 
  • Media and communication;
  • Fieldwork, discourse analysis, and general methodology;
  • Marxist sociology and social theory.

In the past two plus decades Xiangqun has conducted about two dozen research projects and acted with many roles in her career including research assistant, data analyst, researcher, independent investigator, and co-principle investigator.

Based on a thorough and detailed ethnography of a Chinese village with longitudinal comparisons, she developed a general analytical concept --‘recipropriety’ (lishang-wanglai 礼尚往来)  -- a Chinese model of reciprocity, relatedness and social networks (see Guanxi or Li shang wanglai? -- Reciprocity, Social Support Networks, & Social Creativity in a Chinese Village (Taipei: Scholarly Publishing Business, Airiti Press, Inc. 2010). According to Deng Zhenglai, ‘Chang Xiangqun's book … can be seen as a “virtual icon” in which the so-called ‘China model’ is embedded. This book is an excellent outcome based on the author's transdisciplinary training in both China and the West, and long term in-depth empirical studies on contemporary China. It is the first Chinese scholar’s book in nearly 100 years to systematically challenge important Western social theories on social exchange and reciprocity.’ She has been testing the ‘recipropriety model on many projects, e.g. the area of Chinese entrepreneur relationships, inside and outside China with both inter-disciplinary and comparative approaches. 

Further details 

Talks / lectures

Xiangqun had a reputation as an excellent teacher when she was a university lecturer in China. In the UK she does not hold a formal teaching post. However, as well as playing a role as co-supervisor for Masters and PhD students, acting as internal and external PhD examiner and providing advice to CCPN team members worldwide at all levels, she also gives seminars and lectures, and often participates in conferences.

Based on her research work, Xiangqun has given more than 70 seminars and lectures in recent years. It is expected that some of the recent talks will be published as two essay collections entitled: Study of Fei Xiaotong’s theories and restudies on Kaixiangong Village (Vol. 1); and China Studies and Relationship Research on China (Vol. 2), due to be published in 2015.

For youtube links to one of her many talks, directed towards students at China in Focus, University of Warwick in 2010., follow these hyperlinks:  Part 1      Part 2     Part 3        Part 4      Part 5      Part 6

Further details 


Xiangqun published extensively when she worked in China. Her publications now amount to two million Chinese characters / English words. Xiangqun's publications encompass both Chinese and English languages and comprise books, book chapters, edited volumes, dictionaries and handbooks, journal articles, and shorter publications. Below are selected recent and forthcoming publications (excluding conference or seminars papers, lecture notes and editorial work):

  • 2018 On Marxist Sociology (new edition, 560,000 Chinese characters, with an appendix in English about the book), Changchun: Northeast Normal University Press, China
  • 2016 Recipropriety (lishang-wanglai): A Chinese model of social relationships and reciprocity – state and villagers’ interaction 1936–2014Journal of Sociology, March 2016 vol. 52 no. 1 103-117.
  • 2015 Globalization of Social Scientific Studies on China --- Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of Professor Fei Xiaotong's Birth (vol 1.in English and Chinese) eds. Feuchtwang, Chang and Zhou, etc. London: Global China Press; Beijing: New World Press.
  • 2015 'Guanxi or renqing – interpretation of the concept of ‘recipropriety (lishang-wanglai)’ in Chien Chiao, ed. Strategy and Relationships: Contemporary Chinese ways of thinking in management studies (in Chinese). Taipei: Airiti Press, p103-117.
  • 2015 Zheng Hngsheng's life and work, Network, Magazine of the British Sociological Association, Spring.
  • 2014. Editorial. with Caldwell, Leoussi  and Whimster, Max Weber Studies, Vol. 14.2.
  • 2014. Society building -- A China Model of Social Development, Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • 2014. ‘Introduction Two: China Model and Society Building’, in the above edited volume.
  • 2013. Obituary: Lu Xueyi 1933-2013, Network, Magazine of the British Sociological Association, Winter 2013, p44
  • 2013 ‘Say goodbye to utopia’ or not? Research into the institution of the people’s communes (an review essay),International Sociology, September 2013 vol. 28 no. 5 502-512
  • 2011 with G. Hamilton. China and World Anthropology -- A conversation on the legacy of Fei Xiaotong (1910-2005), Anthropology Today, No.6).
  • 2010 (a) with G. Hamilton. Cong Jiangcun Jingji dao Xiangtu Zhongguo (From Peasant life in China to From the Soil), translation by Chang, X et al China Reading Weekly, No. 294, 3 November
  • 2010 (b) with G. Hamilton, Meimei yu gong tianxia datong (Common beauty and unity of the world), translation by Chang, X et al China Reading Weekly, No. 295, 17 November
  • 2010 (c) Changing relationships between the state and villagers in a Chinese village – an analysis with 'lishang-wanglai', (in Chinese), China Ethnology (Zhongguo Minzuxue), No.8
  • 2010 (d) Guanxi or Li Shang Wanglai: Social Support Networks, Reciprocity and Social creativity in a Chinese Village (in English), Scholarly Publishing Business, Airiti Press Inc.(see book review in the International Sociology March 2013 28: 188-190) and 3 x 5* reviews in Amazon
  • 2010 (e) Guanxi or Li Shang Wanglai: Social Support Networks, Reciprocity and Social creativity in a Chinese Village (completed version in Chinese transitional characters), Scholarly Publishing Business, Airiti Press Inc.
  • 2009 Guanxi or Li shang wanglai: Social Support Networks, Reciprocity and Social Creativity in a Chinese village (in Chinese simplified characters) Trans., Mao Minghua,  Liaoning People's Publishing House (Book review, by Hong Park, in Journal of Japan-China Sociological Studies, Japan, Jan 2012; Review articles: (1) 2010 'Macro perspective of ‘personalised relationship’ and reciprocity', by Guo Aimin, Journal of Guangxi University for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), No. 5; (2) 2010  ‘A miniature of ‘Social gifts’ and ‘impersonal exchange’ in the south of Yangtze River region: Guanxi or Li shang wanglai? , Guo Aimin and Xu Hui, Agricultural History of China, No. 4
  • 2009. An individual-society-state trichotomous model: analysis of the disappearance of a township and emerging of a community (in Chinese), Chinese Social Sciences Quarterly (Zhongguo Shehui Kexue Jikan), June 

Further details

Editorial work

Xiangqun has been involved in editorial work since 1985 when she was a postgraduate student in China. She has acted in different editorial roles, such as editor or managing editor for journals (including acting as a peer reviewer), co-editor for conference proceedings, a member of editorial boards or co-editor-in-chief for book series, Chief Editor and Professor of Editorship at the Global China Press, UK; and web master of many websites, e.g. CCPN website at LSE, CCPN Global, the Journal of China in Comparative Perspective, Global China Thinktank, and Global China Press, etc. Currently, Xiangqun is working with some colleagues and publishers on the following book series:

Further details

Knowledge transfer

After participated in workshops e.g., 'Getting Research into Practice (GRIP)' and 'Engaging with Business', by the ESRC (The Economic and Social Research Council)’s Knowledge Transfer team in 2007 Xiangqun created the CCPN website at LSE, the only bilingual website in the English speaking world which focuses on social scientific studies on China. As a part of CCPN's knowledge transfer strategy and public engagement activities the CCPN Global continues to support the Speak to the Future's campaign, which was funded by the British Academy as part of its Language and Quantitative Skills Programme.

From 2013 Xiangqun founded Global China Institute and CCPN Global and a series of entities to promote comparative studies between China and other countries and regions. CCPN Global participates in the Campaign for Social Science (CfSS) of the Academy of Social Sciences (AcSS), and became one of sponsors of the CfSS. Through Global China Thinktank (a knowledge-based think tank for social consultancy aiming to bring resources from China and the Chinese and comparative studies to the world), and Global China Dialogue (with the concept of transculturality aims to enhance public understanding of global affairs and participating in global governance) CCPN Global carrys out its social mission for participating in shaping a global society. The Global China Press is the first publisher focusing on bilingual publications of comparative studies of China, Chinese and non-Chinese perspectives of China and the World in a global context. It also publishes the only peer-reviewed academic journal with a bilingual element for comparative studies of China in the world in 2015.

Further details


(Left) Guanxi or Li Shang Wanglai? (Chinese version in simplified Chinese characters)

(Middle) Guanxi or Li Shang Wanglai? (Completed English version)

(Right)  Guanxi or Li shang Wanglai? (Completed Chinese version in traditional characters)

(Left) Meeting Professor Fei Xiaotong during fieldwork in Kaixiangong village in 1996 

(Middle) Click the cover photo to see a story about the original statue of Fei Xiaotong

(right) Villagers believe this statue to be a more apt tribute to Fei's memory, and have expressed the hope that it will bring happiness to their village.  Click the photo to see details




她也是英国伦敦大学学院荣誉教授,威斯敏斯特大学客座教授, 伦敦大学亚非学院教授级研究员; 中国北大、人大、复旦和中山等多所大学客座或兼职教授、荣誉或特聘研究员。

作为英国唯一的一位受过中国和英国的社会学双重训练的社会学者,从事跨社会学、社会人类学和中国研究诸学科的华人学者,她开创中国比较研究这一研究领域,成为该领域在全球的领军人物,获得英国华人女性成就奖“木兰奖”(首位教育奖获奖者) (2014)。同时开始跨入‘知识企业家’(intellectual entrepreneur)或‘知本家’(intellectual capitalist)的行列,以生产全球性的公益事业和全球公共物品为学术和社会双重使命,致力于搭建中外沟通之桥梁,服务于全球社会。   

邮箱:(1) x.chang@gci-uk.org; (2) x.chang@ucl.ac.uk

网页:(1) http://ccpn-global.org/professor-xiangqun-chang; (2) https://iris.ucl.ac.uk/iris/browse/profile?upi=XQCHA22 


  • 2013年-  全球中国研究院院长,全球中国比较研究会会长,全球中国智库主任,《中国比较研究》主编,全球中国出版社总编。同时在英国和中国多所大学和机构任荣誉或客座教授,兼职或特聘研究员
  • 2004-2013年,在英国伦敦经济学院从事研究工作,并与同事们一起创办和主持了中国比较研究网
  • 1991-2004年,在英国伦敦大学城市学院社会学系从事研究工作,并在职攻读博士学位
  • 1978-1991年,在国内读本科、硕士、任社会学专业的讲师 (1991年为了到英国从事社会学研究放弃了中国人民公安大学副教授的聘任)

        其研究及其成果有:从1984年成 为社会学专业的硕士研究生以来,在国内外参加了20余项研究项目,发表的中英文著述(含会议论文以及编辑作品)近100项,约200余万字,包括:《马克 思主义社会学论稿》(56万字,东北师范大学出版社新版,2018年;46万字,河南人民出版社,1992年);《中国农村十个村庄社会支助研究的统计报告(1979-91)》(与王斯福 Stephan Feuchtwang 合著),英国城市大学出版,1996年; 参与主编《经济与社会转型时期的中国妇女》,麦克米兰公司,1999年;专著《关系抑或礼尚往来?  — 江村互惠、社会支持网与社会创造研究》中文简体字版,由辽宁人民出版社2009年出版;英文版中文繁体字版于2010年由台湾华艺学术著作出版社出版; 主编《社会建设:中国社会发展的一种模式》(作者均为国外社会科学家),英国剑桥学者出版社2014年4月出版英文版,全球中国出版社(英国)2014年 4月出版中译本。目前,正在主持若干套系列丛书的编辑工作(主要为英汉双语):《社科汉语系列》《读懂中国与世界》《中华思想:为了一个 新世界秩序》《中华视野:社会科学关键词》,以及 《“三只眼超文化”丛书》。点击英文详细的全面简介职业生涯 ...



进入中国和国际学术界20多年来参与和承担了近20来个研究项目,如中国社会科学基金项目“马克思主义社会学研究”;英国学术院(British Academy) 的“全球化与村民自治在中国”;英国社会经济研究委员会 (ESRC) 的“中国农村社会支助安排与地方传统变迁”;“社会文化因素对华人企 业在英国发展的影响”;“华人企业家关系与全球经济(DIUS)”;“金砖四国新移民在英美澳日四国的比较研究”(JSPS),等等。点击英文详细的研究项目内容 ...


从1984年成为社会学专业的硕士研究生以来, 发表的中英文著述近达200万字。代表作为《马克思主义社会学论稿》(46万字),河南人民出版社(1992年)。英文著述(含会议论文)约20余项,如 《中国农村十个村庄社会支助研究的统计报告(1979-91)》(与王斯福Stephan Feuchtwang合著),英国城市大学出版,1996年;参与主编《经济与社会转型时期的中国妇女》,麦克米兰公司,1999年;专著《“礼尚往 来” ―― 江村互惠、社会支持网与社会创造研究》中文简体字版,由辽宁人民出版社2009年出版;英文版和中文繁体字版于2010年由台湾华艺学术著作出版社出版。 其《中国与世界人类学》的对话发表在皇家人类学会会刊(2011年第6期)。点击英文详细的成果 会议论文以及讲座 和 已经和正在发表的著述


2014年主编并分别出版了英汉两个版本的文集 《社会建设:中国社会发展的一种模式》(Society building: A China Model of Social Development), 此为非华人专家学者第一次使用中国社会科学的本土概念来研究中国和其他社会。目前,正在参与主编《中国社会科学全球化---纪念费孝通诞辰105周年纪念文集》(中英文版),以及写作和编辑两本自选集(均为中英双语)。 作为全球中国出版社的总编,常向群还在主持以下系列丛书的编撰工作,并担任其中部分系列丛书的合作主编:

点击英文详细的 编辑作品及其相关工作


创设了“全球中国智库(Global China Thinktank)“,这是一个通过以中国和华人以及与其他国家和地区做比较研究的知识资源为基础的社会顾问(social consultancy)及活动,来参与型塑全球社会的民间智库。“全球中国智库”最初来自于全球中国比较研究会的“知识转化”和“公共参与”两部分内容。既包括把某种特定的知识转化到某一个具体的领域,“全球中国智库”更强调是把中国的社科和人文知识转化到全球社会来,即中国和华人视野的“知识的全球转化”,或曰“知识全球化”。 虽然“全球中华视野” 是从全球中国比较研究会(一个提倡从比较视角进行中国研究的全球性学术团体​​)培育出来的,但“全球中国智库”更着重于来自中国和华人视野的知识,而不仅仅是比较的视野。全球中国智库的使命是打造中国和华人参与知识全球化的世界公共平台,型塑全球共生社会。点击英文详细的 知识转化和公共参与


左图: 《关系抑或礼尚往来?》 简体字版

中图: 《关系抑或礼尚往来?》 繁体字版

左图: 《关系抑或礼尚往来?》 英文版 (Guanxi or Li shang Wanglai?)


左图: 常向群于1996年在江村田野作业期间与费孝通合影 

中图: 点击此照片可见英国皇家人类学会刊(2011年第6期)关于封面介绍

右图: 点击此照片可阅读常向群与《乡土中国》英译者韩格理关于费孝通和中国人类学的对话

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为了与您及时分享我们的资源, 我们采纳中国发展的'边建设边使用'的做法,尚有大量的工作待做, 真诚地感谢您的理解、参与和慷慨赞助!

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